Category Archives: Recruiting and motivating

Informational exchange on contractual conditions between translators

The German Association VdÜ has developed a very useful tool in contract negotiating which can be used by all translators, members and non-members.

The KNÜLL file, as it is called, is an information exchange between literary translators on the current status of the contractual conditions.

The file is based on the contractual conditions offered by publishers and other copyright exploiters, as reported by the translators. Upon request, this information is available to all colleagues in order to improve their stance in contract negotiations. Personal information is neither saved nor passed on; inquiries and reports are treated with absolute confidentiality.

In order to always be up to date, KNÜLL relies on the active support of the translators, who can provide information such as publisher name, language combination, genre of the work, publishing format, payment conditions, additional rights, etc. in an online form (sent by e-mail or by post:

Inquiries can be made informally (the quickest way is by email). The translators addressing the inquiry are asked to state the publisher’s name, language, format and type of text and, if necessary, provide other information if it is relevant to the negotiation.

Inquiries are free of charge, active reporting is encouraged between members and non-members so that the position of each and every individual is strengthened and translators can benefit from a stronger starting point in negotiating.

As per December 2023, the database provides data on contract conditions of around 200 publishing houses and imprints in the german speaking market. 

The file has been founded in 1994 by colleagues in Frankfurt and has been in development ever since.

VdÜ keeps sending friendly reminders to members in order for them to provide current data. Feeding Knüll is seen as an act of solidarity, helping to improve contract conditions for all colleagues.

AITI’s workshop on negociation for literary transaltors (Italy)


One of AITI’s main missions is to provide lifelong learning for its members, on issues relating not only to translation but also to the profession in general (client management, time management, regulatory/law updates, etc.). One of the most delicate and crucial aspects facing the literary translator is the negotiation of contracts with publishers. For this reason, in 2018 AITI offered its members a workshop entitled: “Negotiation for Literary Translators – Bargaining Techniques to Obtain Better Remuneration”, led by a business coach qualified in corporate training, who had been suitably briefed on the features of Italian copyright law and the model contracts of publishing houses.

2018 Workshop Details:

Duration: 8 hours (in-person)

Location: Laboratorio Formentini per l’editoria – Milan (Italy)

Participants: 10 translators

Format: frontal lesson, role-play, individual assessment and online test.

Themes: negotiation and related concepts; reframing the structure of the negotiation; information as a means of interpreting and managing the negotiation; the importance of perception and questioning; negotiating techniques that can help the “weaker” party to rebalance the negotiation and obtain better remuneration.

Cost: 50 euros for AITI members (balance paid by AITI)

Further to the update of Italian Copyright Law in 2021 in implementation of the 2019 EU Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, and to requests from satisfied AITI members who came out of the first workshop with greater self-confidence and tools to better handle negotiations with publishers, AITI is planning a second, expanded edition of the workshop for June 2023.

While the first workshop was centred on remuneration, the updated version will concentrate on improving all aspects of translators’ publishing contracts: granting of limited and specified rights, duration of the granted rights, advances against royalties, royalties, sublicences, statements of account, editing and proofreading.

2023 Workshop Details:

Duration: 4 hours (webinar) + 8 hours (in-person)

Location: Laboratorio Formentini per l’editoria – Milan (Italy)

Participants: 20 translators

Format: online and frontal lessons, role-play, practical exercises based on real case histories, individual assessment and online test.

Themes: negotiation and related concepts; reframing the structure of the negotiation and negotiating techniques; negotiating appropriate remuneration and other contract clauses (deciding priorities) and ensuring the respect of intellectual property rights.

Cost: free for AITI members (paid for in full by AITI)

Attached: a photo of the workshop held on 9th March 2018 in Milan.

CoNTE Commissione nazionale traduttori editoriali – AITI (Italy), May 2023


Consultancy Programme for Literary Translators Working with Catalan (SUCCESS STORY)


The Association of Catalan Language Writers (AELC), in collaboration with the Ramon Lull Institute, inaugurated in 2021 a new innovative consultancy programme that will match literary translators working in the same language pair, one of which is Catalan, with the aim of improving the quality of translations from Catalan in other languages and vice versa.

Participants will benefit from the insight and the expertise of a peer and qualified native speaker of their source language throughout their work on their translation project. In addition, the programme seeks to build an international network of professional translators working with Catalan.

The hope is that this new experimental scheme will be picked up by other cultural institutions that support literary translations, helping not just improving the quality of translated literature but also develop collaborative communities of literary translators. 

For more information on the programme itself, as well as on how to apply, please visit: and 

Residential seminars (SUCCESS STORY)

In literary translation mentoring and lifelong learning it is important to distinguish between the teaching of beginners and professional, peer-to-peer mentoring.
There should be scientific criteria for the marking of students’ work, such as the use of an assessment grid showing different levels of error and attainment (eg. errors of anachronism, of rhythm etc.).


The PETRA-E Framework of Reference for lifelong education in Literary Translation maps the competences of literary translators and levels in the acquisition of those competences. It is based on the experiences of translators and trainers and has been developed for teaching and learning purposes. I aims to help teachers and institutes to create tools and programs to acquire these competences. For students, the Framework helps to detect ‘gaps’ in their training and education.

The Framework consists of five levels (from breakthrough to expert) and eight competences (translating, linguistic, textual, heuristic, literary-cultural, professional, evaluative and research ones) all of which are described in detail. To each level a certain mastery of each competence is assumed.

The Framework is available in Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Bulgarian.

Peer learning, residential seminars and Stammtisch

British Centre for Literary Translation Summer School – University of East Anglia (UK)

The annual BCLT Summer School brings together writers and translators for an intensive, one-week, residential programme of hands-on translation and creative writing practice.

For most language-specific workshops, groups have the unique opportunity to work on a collaborative translation with both the author in residence and the workshop leader. For translators working from any other languages there are two multilingual workshops, one for prose and one for theatre. These are designed for translators working from any language into English. 

All workshops are designed to encourage collaboration and peer learning in a small group setting (maximum of 10-12 translators in a group).

During the week, the workshops are complemented by creative writing workshops for all participants and also plenary sessions, such as publishing panels and lectures.

Warwick Translates – Summer School at the University of Warwick (UK)

Warwick Translates offers the opportunity to translate texts across the literary genres into English, working with leading professional translators. Groups will be limited to a maximum of 20 students. The course is taught in an all-day workshop environment using a variety of texts including non-fiction (essays, journalism, academic) and fiction (poetry, fantasy, children’s literature and crime writing etc.). There are plenty of opportunities for networking with publishers, agents, Warwick staff and one another.

ViceVersa – peer-to-peer residential seminars

ViceVersa is a bilingual, peer-to-peer residential seminar for literary translators, which has been successfully carried out with translators working with several language combinations.

The ViceVersa Programme an international programme for the continuous training of literary translators working to and from German, was set up by Deutscher Übersetzerfonds and Robert Bosch Stiftung in 2011.

In 2015 a similar programme involving translators to and from Italian was established under the name of Laboratorio Italiano by the Swiss Arts Council Pro Helvetia and Translation House Looren. Such workshops are a unique opportunity for literary translators to meet their colleagues and tackle translation issues together in a constructive and friendly way.

Usually they have from 10 to 12 participants all working with the same couple of languages, half of them in one way and half in the other, meeting for a week. Each participant has the opportunity to present and discuss a three-page extract from one of their current
translation projects and ask for inputs from the colleagues to solve translation problems.

The aim of such workshops is not to evaluate a translator’s job, but rather to encourage lively discussion among colleagues based on actual practice.

AITI (Italy) continuing professional development

Continuing professional development is recognised to be essential for translators.

As to art. 7 of AITI Statute and art. 11 of Deontological code, each member has the duty to keep updated, study and learn as part of her/his professional development and growth, no matter the age.

The Association has established a three years programme with a detailed grid of reference to get a minimum number of credits. If an ordinary member failed in getting the minimum number of credits, he or she will be temporarily downgraded to the aggregate category for the following three years. 

Members send their documentation to the national Commission for Training and Learning through a simple, automatic form.

Members who have an institutional, active role in the Association will get credits for their work.…ua_gennaio_2017.doc_-_documenti_google.pdf

The Translators’ Stammtisch: professional talks around the table (SUCCESS STORY)

Many of CEATL’s member associations hold regular meetings (the third Friday of every month, for example) to discuss matters relating to the profession – working conditions, contracts and so on; to share information about publishers and fees; or to talk about translation matters. The term ‘Stammtisch’ refers to the table reserved for regular customers in German pubs.

StammtischMeeting in given place regularly (for example the third Friday of every month) to discuss matters pertaining to profession – working conditions, contracts etc. ; share information on publishers and fees; or talk about translation matters. 
“TableT”Translators meet and discuss different issues concerning the profession, organised per language combinations and topics; participants bring food and drinks. Organised by AITI and Strade at Laboratorio Formentini in Milan, Italy
TranslabLanguage-specific roundtable
Translation surgeriesTranslators meet to discuss problems they have encountered in translation from any language
Group therapy for literary translators at the Christmas Book Fair in Catalonia. This is a public event. Participants always start by: “My name is NN., and I am a translator.” They then go on to present a specific translation problem, which is subsequently solved by the other participants – or the audience.

Open Doors with AITI in Italy (SUCCESS STORY)

AITI (Italy) organised a National Open Doors Day in May 12 2018. This was the first time that this kind of event was held nationally on the same day.

AITI has 12 regional branches and 1220 members among technical translators, interpreters and literary translators.

There was a slide presentation about the association and how to apply for membership and a few testimonies of ordinary members. Silvia Musa presented the Calcolareddito (an instrument to calculate your revenue) and then there was a little party with refreshments.
A questionnaire was distributed and on a total of 462 participants, there were 233 replies, which is a pretty good result.

The AITI Open Doors Day in numbers:

Total partecipants  462:

  • Members                181
  • Non members        165
  • Students                   112
  • Other                          4

The key words that emerged from the Open Doors Day were: awareness – professional competence – networking – information – sharing – collegiality – competences – knowledge – exchange – syntony – affinity – partecipation.

AITI transmitted the idea of an association with a strong vocation for  team working and a friendly and welcoming climate. An association which is coherent and determined to pursue its common goals.

After this kind of event, the follow up is very important : contacting non members and students participants and checking how many candidates applied for membership.

“Why be a member?” An STL video project in Poland (SUCCESS STORY)

In 2017, the Polish association STL made a series of short YouTube videos, in which members shared why they were part of the association. Even though they all had different reasons, they mostly talked about the social aspect of being part of an organisation of this kind, as well as about the opportunities for help and exchanging information, and being educated on and assisted with the legal aspects of the profession. They shared one video a week on their YouTube channel and their Facebook page, which did result in new memberships.

STL also has secured considerable discount for its members at a very good Warsaw law firm specialised in copyright, affordable health insurance and even a fitness card. Where the health insurance is concerned, STL was invited to join an existing initiative by a fellow association. The whole group consists of members of several different types of authors’ associations, such as translators, journalists, graphic artists, musicians, and photographers, and they have all signed with one of the largest private medical companies in the country at a considerable discount. The initiators of the idea even negotiated a package tailored to the needs of workers in the creative industries.

Translation: Dorota Konwrocka-Sawa, I translate from English. I’ve been a member of the Polish Literary Translators Association for a year. Before, I worked a journalist in a weekly magazine for many years. When I started working exclusively as a literary translator I realized that what I missed the most was my editorial team, a group of friendly people I met every day, who helped me solve different professional problems and who did what I did. I was hoping I would meet such a group of people in the Polish Literary Translators Association – and I was right. I found it. I meet them every day on the literary translators’ forum on Facebook, I meet them once a month, or sometimes more often, at translators’ breakfasts, translators’ dinners, sometimes I manage to simply get them go to the cinema with me. What’s important for me is that I’m in constant contact with a group of people who are friendly towards one another, who aren’t really in competition, even though we all compete for commissions from the same publishers, but who help one another every day, looking for quotations, trying to come up with the best equivalents from idioms, to figure out the full meaning of a sentence; who, just like me, want the translated text to be the best it can be.

Translation: My name is Rafał Lisowski, I’ve been a member of STL for 4 or 5 years. What this membership has given me is the feeling that in our seemingly lonely book translator’s profession we are far from alone, that we are a professional community with similar needs and problems, that we can count on one another, and together, when we are numerous, we can achieve more, get more done, we can learn something. Myself, I’ve learned a lot about law, about negotiating, about the book market, and I also have the feeling I can do something for others in STL and outside of it. I’ve also met a lot of great people, brilliant translators who, when it come to translation itself, can help me out and I can help them out. That’s fantastic and I think it hold a lot of promise for the future.